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[ From Timaeus || From Critias ]

    Below you'll find an outline of the details about Atlantis - the island and its people - provided by Plato in Timaeus and Critias.


    From Timaeus

    • Based in the Atlantic Ocean - Opposite the Pillars of Heracles* (Straits of Gibraltar)
    • The Atlantic was then navigable
    • Larger than Libya and Asia combined
    • From Atlantis you could reach other islands and then a true continent

    *Note: Throughout Atlantis literature (there have been thousands of books written on the subject) you will see references to the Pillars of Heracles and Pillars of Hercules. Heracles and Hercules are variations on the spelling and pronunciation of the same person. He was the heroic son of Zeus and Alcmene who possessed superior strength.


    From Critias

    Note: The unit of measurement given in translation of Timaeus and Critias is typically the stade or stadia. The conversion is:

    1 stade = 607 ft or 185 meters (mile = 5280 feet so 1 stade = .11 mile)

    Canal From Sea

    • Canal 300' wide, 100' deep
    • 50 stades from the sea was a hill where the rings of Sea and Land were built (5.5 miles)

    Inner Ring

    • Next ring of water was 1 stade - 600'
    • Center land was 5 stades in diameter - 3000' (.5 miles)
    • Surrounded on both sides by a wall covered with orichalcum

    Middle Ring

    • Next set of water / land rings were 2 stades in width - 1200'
    • Surrounded on both sides by a wall covered with tin

    Outer Ring

    • Ring closest to sea and its internal land both 3 stades in width - 1800'
    • Surrounded on both sides by a wall covered with brass
    • Contained horse racing track

    Outer Wall

    • Wall which circled the outer ring at a distance of 50 stades (11 miles in diameter)

    Bridges

    • Bridges were 100 feet wide (a sixth of a stadia)
    • Walled
    • Towers and gates on the bridges
    • Guarded at either end

    Plain

    • Oblong, 3000 stadia long, 1000 stadia wide (330 miles long and 110 miles wide)
    • Open to the sea on the south (where the canal exited to the sea)
    • Surrounded by mountains to the north

    Ditch around the Plain

    • 100 feet deep
    • 1 stade wide
    • 10,000 stade long (surrounding the whole plain) (1100 miles long)

    Military

    • Plain consisted of 10 stade square lots - 1.1 mile x 1.1 mile
      • 1.1 miles = 5808 ft there we get 33,732,864 sq. ft = 774.4 acres
      • acre = 43560 sq. ft or 4840 sq. yd.
      • for total of 60,000
        • total acres = 46,464,000
    • Each lot supplied
      • 1/6 of a war chariot
      • 2 horses and riders
      • one pair of chariot horses, a horseman, and a charioteer
      • 2 heavily armed soldiers
      • 2 slingers
      • 3 stone shooters
      • 3 javelin men
      • 4 sailors (for fleet of 1200 ships)

    Miscellaneous

    • 5 sets of Twins - Atlas was first King
    • Fruits hard to store but providing drink, food & oil
    • They governed other land into Egypt and Tyrrhenia
    • 2 harvests - one from winter rains - one from summer irrigation
    • Orichalc, a metal unknown to Plato was mined in quantities - 2nd in value to gold
    • Abundant timber, elephants, marshes, swamps, rivers, mountains, plains
    • Hot and cold springs
    • Stone was white, black, and yellow - stone was excavated from center island and land rings to form covered docking areas


 



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