Greek philosopher – 427-347 B.C.
Note: Dates are approximate, there is some uncertainty as to his birth and death
Plato was a student of Socrates until the latter’s death in 399 BC at the hands of the Athenian authorities. After his teacher’s death, Plato traveled extensively, including journeys in Egypt.
In 387 BC he returned to Athens and founded the Academy, a school of science and philosophy, that became the model for the modern university. Perhaps the most famous student of the Academy was Aristotle whose teachings have had tremendous impact on philosophy through today.
Due to the Academy’s safekeeping, many of Plato’s works have survived. His extant writings are in the form of letters and dialogues, the most famous of which is probably The Republic. His writings cover subjects ranging from knowledge to happiness to politics to nature.
Two of his dialogues, Timeaus and Critias, hold the only known original references to the island of Atlantis.
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